What is birth defects?and eunuchs or Hijras of Pakistan.


    In this post I presented following things:

       1.What is birth defects?

       2.Reasons for birth defects.

       3.Symptoms of birth defects.

        4. Diagnosis and treatment.

        5.What is the meaning of eunuch in English?
         6.What does Khusra or Hijra mean in Islam?

          7.What is meant by Khawaja Sira?
           8. How many types of eunuchs are there?

           9.What is difference between Hijra and man?

           10. A story about eunuchs or Hijra at Pakistan.


      1.What is birth defects?

        The birth defects are defects that have been present since birth. Some diseases appear early at birth and some appear in childhood or adolescence. Some of the birth defects are as follows:

  1. Cleft Lips

  2. Heart disorders such as atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, tetralogy of float

  3. Down syndrome

  4. Sickle cell anemia

  5. Club feet

  6. Spina bifida

 2.Reasons for birth defects:

 There are several possible causes of birth defects.

  1. Genetic factors

  2. Environmental factors (use of chemicals, alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy)

  3. Lack of nutrition in pregnancy

  4. Infection in the mother


     3.Symptoms of birth defects:

  1. Cleft Lips.

                    This defect is seen in the upper lip or palate. It is difficult to talk to it.

  2. Heart defects.

                             Difficulty in breathing, irregular heartbeat, gray or blue skin, difficulty in feeding.

  3. Down syndrome.

                          Narrowing of the eyes, small ears, small mouth, short neck, delayed mental development.

  4. Sickle cell anemia.

                           Anemia, seizures that can damage organs.

  5. Club feet.

                  Wrong position of the feet.

  6. Spina bifida.

                        Disability of the feet, bladder and bowel movement problems.

   4. Diagnosis and treatment.

 Only when the baby is in the mother’s womb can a birth defect be diagnosed. Certain tests and techniques have made this process possible. They are:

  1. Aminosynthesis

  2. Fetal samples of the outer membrane of the fetus

  3. Ultrasound

  4. Fetal markers in maternal blood.

 The treatment of psoriasis depends mainly on the specific disorder. Most birth defects are treated through surgery.

Doctors say that due to birth defects, sometimes the sex of the baby is not clear but this defect can be eliminated.

         In our daily life we can see different examples of birth defects people one example is eunuch or Hijra.

       5.What is the meaning of eunuch in English?

                 A castrated man, especially one formerly employed by rulers in the Middle East and Asia as a harem guard or palace official.

      6.What does Khusra or Hijra mean in Islam?

Khusra Meaning from Urdu to English is Eunuchs, and in Urdu it is written as کھسرا. This word is written in Roman Urdu.

      7.What is meant by Khawaja Sira?

In the subcontinent, Hijra or eunuchs, intersex people, and transgender people. … In Pakistan, they are called Khawaja Sira, the equivalent of transgender in the Urdu language. Hijras are officially recognized as third gender in the subcontinent, being considered neither completely male nor female.

    Now two questions are arises:

Can eunuchs have babies?

Can eunuchs get married?

     Answer is that yes mostly eunuchs are married and they also have children if we look towards the types of eunuchs so many questions are cleared.

    8. How many types of eunuchs are there?

      Three types of eunuchs: those who are 

1.born eunuchs.

2.made eunuchs.

3.who make themselves eunuchs.

     9.What is difference between Hijra and man?

                 Hijras are males who reject their identity and identify either as women, or “in-between man and woman”.


   10. A story about eunuchs or Hijra at Pakistan.

      Imran’s elder sister Naheed, 10, has also gone through this stage and is now living like a healthy girl. Both the children had come with their father and mother to attend a seminar at the Children’s Library Lahore under the auspices of the Birth Defect Foundation. Nadir Khan, the father of these children, is a very young man. He said that he has five children. The eldest three children were normal but when Naheed was born, her gender was not clear. At that time, the doctor advised us to check her up. We checked her up at the Children’s Hospital in Lahore, various tests were done, two weeks later the doctors said she was a girl, she had an operation a few weeks later and today, God willing, her daughter is 10 years old and perfectly healthy. And is healthy.

 He said that after the birth of Naheed, when she had her fifth child, her sex was also not clear. I also tested her. The doctors advised me not to operate on her, but if she grows a little, her sex will become clear. He named the child Imran. The answer is seven years old. All his movements and speech are like those of a boy. But the doctor says that his internal organs are like those of a girl. Now the symptoms of a boy are appearing. The operation has been decided. In a few weeks, it will be clear whether Imran will be a boy or a girl.

      Nadir Khan said that he had to listen to people’s taunts and talk because of his children. His eyes got wet while saying this. Nadir Khan said in a choked voice that he did not allow others to say anything about his children but when he spoke on his own. Nadir Khan’s daughter Naheed said that she wants to become an educated soldier because she likes soldiers while Imran wants to become a doctor.

 In this ceremony we also met 14 year old Shehzad, Shehzad is a resident of Bahawalpur, this child lived like a girl for 13 years, attended school for girls while his name was also Shehzadi. One year ago, he started having abdominal pains. At that time, various tests were done and it was revealed that Shehzadi was not a girl but a boy and then he was operated on and made a boy. There is a hint of girls in his speech and demeanor, but in a couple of years he will be a complete boy.

 According to doctors, due to birth defects, sometimes the sex of the child is not clear, the parents do not tell anyone due to the traditional shame and revelation, and as the child grows older, both the characteristics of the boy and the girl increase. Such children then become eunuchs.

 The chairman of an NGO treating birth defects says such parents are cruel to themselves and their children. He said that at present, according to unconfirmed statistics, the number of eunuchs in Pakistan is said to be 500,000, but in reality the actual number is much higher and it is gradually increasing.

 He also said that we need to differentiate between transgender and people with congenital sexual dysfunction. Transgender people are those whose gender is clear but they take the form of the opposite sex but children with birth defects are eunuchs who can be treated.


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